– Pablo Picasso
The term „creativity“ comes from the Latin term „creare“. This means to create, to generate, or to produce. Creativity is often associated with art. It is understood that architects, painters, singers, actors and directors are creative. However, the fact that daily tasks of politicians, teachers and employees in companies demand a high degree of creativity is often neglected.
There is no universal deﬁnition of creativity. Creativity in the workplace is generally characterized as the human ability to generate ideas that result in the creation of something new and useful (Amabile et al., 1996; Oldham & Cummings, 1996; Shalley, Zhou, & Oldham, 2004; cf. Runco & Jaeger, 2012). Guilford (1950) deﬁnes divergent thinking as a core element of creativity, driven by cognitive processes such as ﬂexibility, ﬂuidity, originality and elaboration. Creativity can be considered in terms of the product, the process and the person becoming creative. Whether, and if so, to what extent creativity is a domain-specific ability remains largely unclear.